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What are some health problems caused by GERD?

When you have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), your esophagus, mouth, and teeth are frequently exposed to stomach acid, and this can lead to some serious health complications, including the following:
  • Gum inflammation
  • Tooth erosion
  • Esophageal erosion
  • Esophagitis
  • Esophageal stricture (tightening and narrowing of part of the esophagus)
  • Barrett's esophagus (a condition that causes precancerous changes in the lining of the esophagus)
  • Breathing problems
  • Hoarseness

Long-term, untreated GERD can lead to problems like strictures that can cause trouble swallowing, change in the cell lining of the esophagus, which can turn pre-cancerous, or just inflammation of the esophagus. The thing that is most concerning is esophageal cancer.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.