How is peritoneal dialysis solution used?

Peritoneal dialysis solution is a cleansing liquid that is infused through a catheter (a soft tube) into the abdominal cavity. This solution is used during peritoneal dialysis to pull wastes and liquid from the blood. Peritoneal dialysis is an alternative to the kind of dialysis most people are familiar with -- hemodialysis, in which blood from a patient is run through a dialysis machine that removes wastes and liquid. Either kind of dialysis keeps the blood clean when the kidneys fail.

Peritoneal dialysis solution is a mixture of dextrose (or another sugar), salt and minerals dissolved in water. The solution fills the abdomen, and waste materials mix with the solution. They are removed from the body when the solution is drained away. This process is called an exchange.

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