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What are the treatment options for urinary system cancers?

Depending on your overall health, as well as the specific type of urinary system cancer and how severe or widespread it is, urinary system cancer can be treated with surgery, chemotherapy, biological therapy, radiation therapy, or a combination of these approaches. Surgical treatment can range from the removal of all or a part of a tumor to removal of the entire affected organ, such as removal of the bladder or a kidney. Surgery may also be performed on other parts of the body that are affected, such as lymph nodes or organs adjacent to the affected organ. Chemotherapy utilizes drugs to either kill or stop the growth of the cancer cells. Biological therapy, also known as biologic therapy, biotherapy, and immunotherapy, uses drugs or other substances to enhance the immune system's response to the cancer. Radiation therapy uses external or internal application of radiation to either kill or stop the growth of cancer cells. Some types of urinary system cancers, such as kidney cancer, may also be treated with targeted therapy, which utilizes drugs to attack cancer cells without affecting the surrounding normal tissue.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.