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How are lab tests used to diagnose urinary system cancers?

The information gained from lab tests that analyze your urine and blood will help your doctor diagnose urinary system cancer. One commonly used lab test known as urine cytology involves a microscopic analysis of a person's urine to check for cancer cells or cells that are undergoing changes that may lead to cancer. Urinalysis is a more general test that checks the color of the urine and chemically analyzes its contents, checking for such substances as blood, white blood cells, protein, and sugar. Blood tests used to diagnose urinary system cancers include a complete blood count, which can detect anemia, and blood chemistry tests that analyze the contents of the blood.

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