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How are urinary system cancers diagnosed?

In addition to considering your symptoms, your doctor will have you undergo a series of tests when diagnosing urinary system cancer. If your doctor suspects you might have cancer in your bladder or urethra, your doctor might conduct a cystoscopy, during which a thin tube called a cystoscope, which has a small light and camera on the end, is inserted into the urethra and bladder to provide the doctor with a close-up view of this area. A biopsy might be taken during the cystoscopy. During a biopsy, the doctor collects a small tissue sample, which is sent to a lab for testing. A biopsy of the kidney might also be conducted if your doctor suspects you have kidney cancer. Urine cytology is another lab test that is used to diagnose urinary system cancer; this involves sending a urine sample to a lab for testing. Your doctor might also have you undergo an imaging scan of your urinary system. An imaging scan will provide your doctor with a detailed picture of your kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.