What are the complications of stem cell transplants used in oncology?

Dr. Jeanne Morrison, PhD
Family Practitioner

The complications of oncology stem cell transplants include infection. You will probably be at an increased risk of infection in the weeks following your transplant, because your body has not yet produced enough new white blood cells to enable normal immune function. You may experience excessive bleeding, due to a lack of platelets, which are the blood cells that allow your blood to clot. If you receive your transplant from a donor, you may develop graft-versus-host disease, a condition in which the transplanted cells attack your own tissues. Graft-versus-host disease can occur even if your transplant was years ago, and it can be deadly.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.