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What are the key components of the Mediterranean diet?

Emilia Klapp
Nutrition & Dietetics

The main components of the Mediterranean diet, also called its pillars, are as follows:

  • Physical activity;
  • Fruits and vegetables;
  • Olive oil;
  • Whole grains and legumes;
  • Aromatic herbs, onions, and garlic.
In addition to a physically active lifestyle, the Mediterranean diet is rich in grains, fruits, vegetables, legumes, and nuts.  The majority of the fat in the diet is provided by olives and olive oil, and fish and seafood are generally eaten at least twice a week.  Foods from animal sources are limited as well as sweets.  Water should be abundantly consumed throughout the day. Equally important, meals are to be enjoyed with friends and family.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.