How does esophageal atresia affect the body?

Dr. Jeanne Morrison, PhD
Family Practitioner

Esophageal atresia prevents food from getting into the stomach, as a result of the esophagus not developing properly. Babies with esophageal atresia experience various digestive problems as a result of the disorder. Complications may result from food or fluid traveling through the tracheoesophageal fistula (a hole that allows food/fluid to enter the lungs from the esophagus) into the lungs, which can lead to pneumonia. Poor blood oxygenation from food and fluid in the lungs may also cause cyanosis, a condition where the skin turns blue.

Continue Learning about Gastrointestinal Tract Birth Defects

What is gastroschisis?
Discovery HealthDiscovery Health
Gastroschisis, which means "belly cleft" in Greek, typically appears as a 2- to 4-centimeter opening...
More Answers
What is atresia?
Discovery HealthDiscovery Health
Atresia is a complication that occurs in an estimated 10 to 15 percent of gastroschisis cases.With a...
More Answers
What is omphalocele?
Univ. of Nev. School of Medicine, Family MedicineUniv. of Nev. School of Medicine, Family Medicine
Omphalocele, also known as exomphalos, is a birth defect of the abdominal (belly) wall. The infant’s...
More Answers
What is congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH)?
Overland Park Regional Medical CenterOverland Park Regional Medical Center
A congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is when the diaphragm in a fetus does not fully develop and ...
More Answers

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.