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How many joints make up the elbow?

The elbow actually consists of three joints: the humeroulnar, humeroradial, and proximal radioulnar joints. The combination of these joints allows for elbow extension/flexion and forearm pronation/supination. The elbow normally has approximately 145 degrees of flexion and 90 degrees of both supination and pronation. When the elbow is completely extended, there is normally no angle in the elbow joint.

(This answer provided for NATA by the Southern Utah University Athletic Training Education Program.)

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.