How are football helmets tested for safety?

Football helmets are tested by mounting a football helmet on a synthetic head model and dropping it a total of 16 times onto a firm rubber pad. Shock measurements are taken to determine if the helmet can withstand repeated blows that are of high mass and low velocity and thereby meets the National Operating Committee on Standards for Athletic Equipment (NOCSAE) football helmet standard test. (This answer provided for NATA by the Saint Louis University Athletic Training Education Program.)

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