Advertisement

What tests are done at my first prenatal doctor's appointment?

Dr. Lisa L. Stephens, MD
OBGYN (Obstetrician & Gynecologist)

At your first prenatal doctor's appointment, your provider will review your personal and family medical history. A complete physical exam–including a breast exam, Pap test, pelvic exam and tests for sexually transmitted infections–is standard as well. You will also have blood and urine tests to check for:

  • bacteria in the urine
  • blood cell counts
  • blood type
  • elevated protein levels, a risk factor for preeclampsia, a dangerous type of high blood pressure that can occur during pregnancy
  • high sugar levels, a symptom of diabetes
  • infectious diseases
  • low iron levels

Trinity Health is a Catholic health care organization that acts in accordance with the Catholic tradition and does not condone or support all practices covered in this site. In case of emergency call 911. This site is educational and not a substitute for professional medical advice, always seek the advice of a qualified healthcare provider.

Dr. Deborah Raines, MSN
Nursing Specialist

Test that are done at the first prenatal visit to the healthcare provider include:

  • Urine Tests to look for signs of infection or renal or kidney disease.
  • Blood tests to assess for signs of anemia or clotting disorders
  • Blood typing to identify the woman's blood type and Rh factor
  • Glucose testing to look for signs of hyper or hypo-glycemia
  • Metabolic panel to evaluate the levels of electrolytes and other substances in the body
  • Antibody screen to identify any circulating antibodies that may pose a danger thedeveloping fetus
  • Cervical cultures for identification of infections that need treatment to prevent fetal infection
  • PAP smear may be done based on how long it has been since the woman had a PAP smear performed.

Depending on the gestation of the pregnancy some additional tests such as an ultrasoind, a B-Hcg level or maternal serum AFP might be performed.

At your first prenatal doctor's appointment, your doctor will want to do a variety of tests to assess your overall health and to identify any conditions that may put your baby at risk. First, your doctor will begin with a physical exam that includes measuring your weight, blood pressure, and heart. You will also get a pelvic exam, including a Pap test and an exam of your uterus and pelvis. Your doctor will then take a blood sample that will be tested for immunity against things like rubella and chickenpox, and they will also perform a complete blood count to check for problems with your blood. Urine tests may also be done to look for bladder or kidney problems. Talk to your doctor if you have questions about specific tests that may be performed at your first prenatal doctor's appointment.

Continue Learning about First Prenatal Check-Up

Can prenatal tests detect disabilities in babies?
Boston Women's Health Book CollectiveBoston Women's Health Book Collective
No prenatal test can guarantee that your child will be born without any health problems or will not ...
More Answers
What does prenatal care mean?
Deborah Raines, MSNDeborah Raines, MSN
Prenatal care is comprehensive health care from an obstetrician or nurse-midwife for a woman during ...
More Answers
What should be my first step if I think I'm pregnant?
Boston Women's Health Book CollectiveBoston Women's Health Book Collective
Almost half of all women become pregnant without planning. If you think you are pregnant, the first ...
More Answers
What will happen on my first prenatal doctor visit during pregnancy?
Boston Women's Health Book CollectiveBoston Women's Health Book Collective
Your first prenatal visit will be longer and more involved than the others. During your initial visi...
More Answers

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.