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How do I perform CPR on a child?

AFTER CHECKING THE SCENE AND THE INJURED OR ILL CHILD:

1: GIVE 30 CHEST COMPRESSIONS
Push hard, push fast in the center of the chest about 2 inches deep and at least 100 compressions per minute.

Tip: The child must be on a firm, flat surface.


[media id="PRD__4d8a2dd13b1c65_43224085" title="Compression and breathing cycle"]


2: GIVE 2 RESCUE BREATHS
  • Tilt the head back and lift the chin up. 
  • Pinch the nose shut then make a complete seal over the child’s mouth. 
  • Blow in for about 1 second to make the chest clearly rise. 
  • Give rescue breaths, one after the other. 
  • If chest does not rise with rescue breaths, retilt the head and give another rescue breath.





3: DO NOT STOP
Continue cycles of CPR.
Do not stop except in one of these situations:
  • You see an obvious sign of life, such as breathing.
  • An AED is ready to use. 
  • Another trained responder or EMS personnel take over. 
  • You are too exhausted to continue. 
  • The scene becomes unsafe.

TIP: Any time you see an obvious sign of life, stop CPR and monitor breathing and for any changes in condition.

4:WHAT TO DO NEXT
  • Use an AED as soon as one is available.
  • If breaths do not make the chest rise after retilting the head, give care for unconscious choking.
American Red Cross, face shield, kneel to victims chest, head tilt, mouth to mouth, give breaths

Continue Learning about First Aid Techniques

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.