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What is the first aid treatment for sprains and strains?

First aid treatment for sprains and strains consists of the RICE treatment:
  • Resting the limb
  • Applying Ice for 10 minutes at a time up to four times a day
  • Compression with an elastic bandage
  • Elevating or raising the affected body part
 Dr. Kathleen Handal, MD
Emergency Medicine
The following is the first aid treatment for sprains and strains:

  • Seek medical help if unable to bear own weight or if you suspect fracture.
  • If necessary, control bleeding by applying continuous firm pressure above the injured site. Cover with sterile dressing.
  • Stabilize the injured area in position found. Splint if necessary
  • Apply the RICE guidelines: Rest, Ice, Compress, and Elevate. Ice is a cold pack (mixture ice/water) through a barrier directly to area for up to 20 minutes or until uncomfortable. Reusable gel packs do not cool as well.
Doc's First Aid Guide: Read It Before You Need It

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Doc's First Aid Guide: Read It Before You Need It

In a medical emergency, time is of the essence. "Doc's First Aid Guide" is an illustrated, first-aid pocket handbook designed to be used as a quick reference and includes the latest CPR guidelines....

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.