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What is the first aid treatment for burns caused by heat?

 Dr. Kathleen Handal, MD
Emergency Medicine
Heat can damge our skin to varying depths depending on many factors. Superficial, partial thickness or full thickness injuries to the layers of our skin will feel and appear different.  The following are the basic first aid treatment guidelines for heat burns:
 
  • Stop the burning process by removing ignited clothing and all jewelry from the burn area. Some items, such as belts, will continue to burn until removed.
  • If extremities are burned, remove all jewelry beyond the burn, as swelling may develop and could cause the jewelry to cut off the circulation.
  • Apply cool, wet compresses, or immerse in cool, fresh water.
  • Do not peel adhered clothing from burn.
  • Do not rupture blisters.
  • Do not apply ointment or household products to a burn, unless instructed by medical personnel.
  • Do not apply ice directly to burn.
  • Don't chill victim as you're cooling the burn area.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.