First Aid, Safety & Preparedness
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Medical Emergencies

From heat stroke to spider bites, do you know which health problems merit a trip to the ER? Test your knowledge with our quiz.

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Medical Emergencies
Medical Emergencies
Question 1 of 20 Correct

Which of the following is a sign of heat stroke, the most serious heat-related disorder?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: The signs of heat stroke include dry, red skin; confusion; and rapid, weak pulse. Additional signs include extremely high body temperature; changes in consciousness; rapid, shallow breathing; vomiting; and seizures.

Medical Emergencies
Question 2 of 20 Correct

If someone begins showing signs of heat exhaustion, what is the first step you should take to help them?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Before you call for help or do any other action, move the sick person to a cool, shaded area. Then call for help, get them to drink cool liquids and begin fanning them.

Medical Emergencies
Question 3 of 20 Correct

Which of these places is unsafe during a lightning storm?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Some of the most dangerous places to be during a lightning storm include on top of a hill, in a meadow or open field and under a tall tree. Also, avoid being on open water in a boat, in a shallow cave or tunnel, high in a tree or taking shelter under a metal overhang.

Medical Emergencies
Question 4 of 20 Correct

During a storm, which of these devices should you not use?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: During a lightning storm, stay away from showers, sinks, bath tubs and electronic equipment such as TVs, radios, corded telephones and computers. Metal pipes conduct lightning easily, as do phone lines. Power surges can fry any appliances or electronics you have connected to an outlet.

Medical Emergencies
Question 5 of 20 Correct

True or false: If the area around your home is experiencing wildfires, you should place sprinklers on top of your roof and turn them on as a fire preventive method.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. Wetting roofs may help prevent your home from going up in flames if a wildfire approaches. Call 9-1-1 if you see a wildfire -- do not assume that someone else has already called. You'll need to describe the location of the fire, speak slowly and clearly and answer any questions asked by the dispatcher.

Medical Emergencies
Question 6 of 20 Correct

How should you treat a person who is bleeding externally?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: If a person begins bleeding, cover the wound with a sterile dressing, and apply direct pressure until bleeding stops. Check for circulation (looking for feeling, warmth and color) around the injury.

Medical Emergencies
Question 7 of 20 Correct

Which of these is a sign of internal bleeding?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Signs of internal bleeding include rapid, weak pulse; vomiting or coughing up blood; tender, swollen, bruised or hard areas of the body; skin that feels cool or moist, or looks pale or bluish; excessive thirst; a blue or extremely pale injured extremity; an altered mental state, such as becoming confused, faint, drowsy or unconscious. If you or someone else has any of these signs, seek immediate care.

Medical Emergencies
Question 8 of 20 Correct

True or false: If a person begins having a seizure, you should try to wedge an object between his or her teeth to prevent him from biting his tongue and choking.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. Do not force any object between a seizing person's teeth. If he bites his tongue and is bleeding, wait for the seizure to stop before giving him first aid for bleeding. If you try to wedge something between the teeth, your fingers may get caught in his teeth, and his bite may cause injury to you.

Medical Emergencies
Question 9 of 20 Correct

Where should you store valuable paper information to keep it safe in the event of a house fire, flood or other disaster?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Store your family's important documents, such as personal, financial and health records in the cloud, on a secure, remote area or on a flash or jump drive. Doing it this way means your records are readily available and can be accessed from anywhere. As a precaution, keep hard copies in a safe deposit box.

Medical Emergencies
Question 10 of 20 Correct

Which of these medicines is not appropriate to give to a child who has a fever?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Children should not be given aspirin. They should instead be given acetaminophen or ibuprofen. (Adults can use aspirin to treat fever.) Research shows that, in children, aspirin may cause Reye's syndrome, an illness that affects the brain and other internal organs.

Medical Emergencies
Question 11 of 20 Correct

True or false: Butter is a safe treatment for a burn.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. Though often touted as a burn treatment, this home remedy is not a good idea. Butter, ointments and other oily substances actually trap heat within the body's tissues, which causes additional damage. Butter may also increase your risk for infection in the burn.

Medical Emergencies
Question 12 of 20 Correct

Which of the following should you do as first aid treatment for a heat burn?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: A first degree burn affects the outer layer of the skin only. (More severe burns must be treated in a different manner.) These mild burns normally cause pain, swelling and redness of the skin. If there is no break in the skin, run cool water (not icy cold) over the affected area for about five minutes, or until the pain subsides, then cover the burn with a sterile bandage. Do not remove pieces of clothing that are stuck to the burned skin, and do not break any blisters that appear.

Medical Emergencies
Question 13 of 20 Correct

True or false: You should seek emergency care if you believe you or someone you know was bitten by a black widow or brown recluse spider.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. Call 9-1-1 or seek emergency treatment if you suspect that you or someone you know has been bitten by a black widow spider, brown recluse spider or stung by a scorpion.

Medical Emergencies
Question 14 of 20 Correct

When is an insect bite an emergency situation?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Insect stings or bites are usually harmless. However, an insect sting could lead to anaphylaxis, a life-threatening condition, if the person who is bit or stung is allergic to the insect. Call 9-1-1 if the person begins having trouble breathing or shows any other signs of anaphylaxis.

Medical Emergencies
Question 15 of 20 Correct

Why is it never a good idea to move an injured person without the assistance of emergency responders?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Unnecessary movement is a dangerous threat to a seriously injured person. Moving an injured person can cause additional injury and pain and may complicate his or her recovery.

Medical Emergencies
Question 16 of 20 Correct

True or false: The best treatment for a sprained ankle is to walk it off and work out the pain.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. If you do not properly treat an ankle sprain, you may cause further damage and prolong recovery. Remember RICE when you're treating a sprain: Rest, ice, compression dressing, and elevation above the level of the heart for 48 hours.

Medical Emergencies
Question 17 of 20 Correct

Which of the following steps should you take if your child is vomiting?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: If your child is throwing up for unknown reasons, halt solid foods for 24 hours and replace with clear fluids, such as water, frozen juice pops, gelatin or an oral rehydration drink. Be sure to introduce liquids slowly, two to three hours after a vomiting episode.

Medical Emergencies
Question 18 of 20 Correct

When should you seek emergency care if your child is vomiting?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: A healthcare provider should be contacted if your child is not replacing lost liquids or cannot retain liquids. Also contact your healthcare provider if the vomiting lasts more than a few days; he begins running high fevers; he has bloody or black stool; he becomes unresponsive or groggy; or he cries but is unable to produce tears or has dry mouth.

Medical Emergencies
Question 19 of 20 Correct

It's important you stockpile water in the event you lose water access (for example, from a hurricane or from frozen pipes during a winter storm). How much water should you store?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: When stockpiling water, you should have one gallon of water per person per day, for drinking and sanitation. If anyone in your home is ill, you may need additional stores. Also, if you live in a warm climate and are expecting high temperatures, you may need additional water supplies.

Medical Emergencies
Question 20 of 20 Correct

True or false: Fractures can be life threatening.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. Fractures can be life threatening if they involve a large bone or when the fracture severs an artery or affects your breathing. It's important you seek emergency care to set any facture or bone correctly so it doesn't cause additional problems.

Medical Emergencies
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You got out of 20 correct. You're a health wiz!

Medical Emergencies
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Medical Emergencies
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