First Aid, Safety & Preparedness
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First Aid Basics

Cuts, burns and sprains happen all the time. But would you know what to do in an emergency? Test your knowledge with our quiz.

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First Aid Basics
First Aid Basics
Question 1 of 20 Correct

Which is the worst degree of burn?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Third-degree burns involve all layers of skin and cause permanent tissue damage. Damage can extend to fat, muscle and bone. Seek medical help immediately. First-degree burns affect only the outer layer of skin. A second-degree burn involves both the first layer of skin and the dermis.

First Aid Basics
Question 2 of 20 Correct

How should you treat first-degree and small (less than 3 inches in diameter) second-degree burns?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: In the case of minor burns, hold the area under cool, but not cold, water for 10 to 15 minutes or until the pain subsides. The cool water will help reduce swelling. Then cover with a sterile gauze bandage and take an over-the-counter pain reliever. Don't use ice; it can cause further damage.

First Aid Basics
Question 3 of 20 Correct

True or false: A heart attack and cardiac arrest are the same thing.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. A heart attack occurs when blood can't get to the heart, usually due to a clogged artery. In cardiac arrest, the heartbeat becomes erratic and can't adequately supply blood to other organs.

First Aid Basics
Question 4 of 20 Correct

In first aid parlance, what does ABC stand for?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: If a person is unconscious, always check whether his or her airway is open, the person is breathing and has a pulse or other signs of circulation.

First Aid Basics
Question 5 of 20 Correct

When a child bumps his or her head, you should call the doctor if the youngster_________?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: If a child bumps his head, you should call the doctor if he passes out, won't stop crying or vomits. You should also seek medical treatment if the child is an infant, complains of head or neck pain, is difficult to wake up or isn't walking normally.

First Aid Basics
Question 6 of 20 Correct

After an animal bite, a child may need _________?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: All of the above. If your child hasn't had a tetanus shot, he or she may need one after an animal bite to get protection from a tetanus infection. If the skin is broken, the child may also need antibiotics, and in rare cases, rabies shots.

First Aid Basics
Question 7 of 20 Correct

Which wild animal is likely to transmit rabies?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: All of the above. If your child is bitten by a wild animal, do not try to capture the animal yourself. Instead, contact animal control.

First Aid Basics
Question 8 of 20 Correct

Which of the following is a sign of dehydration in a child?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: One sign of dehydration is eyes that look sunken into the head. Other symptoms of dehydration in a child include dry or sticky mouth; few or no tears when crying; lack of urine for 12 hours (6 to 8 for an infant); dry, cool skin; lethargy, fatigue and dizziness.

First Aid Basics
Question 9 of 20 Correct

Which tool is the best to remove a tick?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Using tweezers, grasp the tick firmly at its head next to your skin. Then firmly pull until the tick lets go. Using a hot match or petroleum jelly won't get the tick off your skin. It may cause the insect to burrow deeper.

First Aid Basics
Question 10 of 20 Correct

True or False: Children 1 to 4 years old have the highest drowning rate of any age group.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. In 2007, among children age 1 to 4 who died from an unintentional injury, almost 30 percent died from drowning. Most of those drownings occur in residential swimming pools.

First Aid Basics
Question 11 of 20 Correct

What's the best way to prevent accidental drownings?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: All of the above. Pool covers and lifeguards (and parents) save lives. So do fences. There is an 83 percent reduction in the risk of childhood drowning when a fence is installed completely around a pool, compared with property-line fencing.

First Aid Basics
Question 12 of 20 Correct

True or false: Most boaters who drown weren't wearing a life jacket.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. Nine out of 10 boaters who drown weren't wearing a life jacket.

First Aid Basics
Question 13 of 20 Correct

What do the letters RICE stand for?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: RICE stands for Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation. Rest protects injured and sore areas. Ice reduces pain and swelling. Compression bandages and elevation will also help with swelling.

First Aid Basics
Question 14 of 20 Correct

True or false: A muscle sprain is caused by trauma and a strain is caused by overuse or repetitive movements.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. The best treatment for sprains and strains is the same: RICE. Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation.

First Aid Basics
Question 15 of 20 Correct

Which of the following is not a sign of shock?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Shock can result from illness, injury or bleeding. In addition to suffering from dizziness and loss of consciousness, victims of shock may feel lightheaded, less alert or confused.

First Aid Basics
Question 16 of 20 Correct

True or false: Depending on the situation, CPR may be just as effective as shocks from an AED.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. If you don't have the specific type of heart rhythm problem that an AED can correct, it won't resuscitate you. In some circumstances, CPR may be just as likely to save your life.

First Aid Basics
Question 17 of 20 Correct

True or false: Hands-only CPR is not as effective as CPR with mouth-to-mouth contact.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. Cardiac patients survive at the same rates when they get hands-only CPR compared with the traditional version, according to several studies. Unfortunately, adults who need CPR get it only about one-quarter to one-third of the time when bystanders are around.

First Aid Basics
Question 18 of 20 Correct

How many children are treated for poisoning every day in the U.S.?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: 375 children are treated for poisoning on a daily basis. Poisoning is the leading cause of childhood injury.

First Aid Basics
Question 19 of 20 Correct

True or false: After a scab is formed, the wound will heal faster if it's exposed to the air.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. After a wound has healed enough to make infection unlikely -- usually when a scab has formed -- exposure to the air will speed healing.

First Aid Basics
Question 20 of 20 Correct

What's the best way to stop a nosebleed?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Surprisingly, leaning forward slightly and pinching your nose will help your nose stop bleeding.

First Aid Basics
Congratulations!

You got out of 20 correct. You're a health wiz!

First Aid Basics
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First Aid Basics
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First Aid, Safety & Preparedness

First Aid, Safety & Preparedness

Keeping a well-stocked first aid kit in your home and car will help you can deal with an emergency as best as possible until help arrives. To maintain preparedness, you should check your first aid kit regularly to make sure all su...

pplies are intact, and batteries are charged. Taking a CPR and first aid class will also help you be prepared for emergencies.
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