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How can I prevent heat-related illnesses and emergencies?

To prevent heat-related illnesses and emergencies, follow these guidelines:
  • Do not go outdoors during the hottest part of the day.
  • Change your activity level according to the temperature.
  • Take frequent breaks.
  • Dress appropriately for the environment.
  • Drink large amounts of fluids.
Brett Snodgrass
Oncology Nursing

Heat related illness can be prevented by limiting time spent outside when the temperature is elevated to an extreme. Hydration is key. Drink plenty of fluid. Water and Gatorade type drinks are best. It is most important to avoid caffeinated and alcoholic beverages. If you must be outside, take plenty of breaks in the shade or cool area. If you feel early signs of heat exhaustion like: nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and fatigue, then stop your activity and immediately cool yourself.

Listen to your body; do not attempt to push through these symptoms.

The very old and the very young are most susceptible to heat-related illnesses, but it's important that everyone take precautions if they have to be in the heat. One thing you want to be sure of is to wear light clothing. Second is to try to take frequent breaks in a cooler environment, if possible. Third and most important is to drink plenty of fluids.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.