Advertisement

What is the first aid treatment for heart attacks?

 Dr. Kathleen Handal, MD
Emergency Medicine
The following are the first aid treatment guidelines for heart attacks:
  • Call for medical help. Time lost is heart muscle lost.
  • If victim is unresponsive and not breathing: Use automated external defibrillator (AED), if immediately available. If AED is unavailable, call for medical help before starting cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
  • If responsive: Loosen clothing and assist with victim's medication. Comfort and reassure victim while keeping warm. If not contraindicated (ex: stroke, recent bleeding, allergy) encourage the victim to chew 2 'baby' aspirins (low dose) or 1 adult aspirin, not enteric coated.
  • Monitor responsiveness and breathing until help arrives.
  • Do not attempt to relieve pain by walking or stretching.
  • Do not force victim into uncomfortable position.
  • Do not give anything by mouth except victim's prescription medication, such as nitroglycerin or aspirin.
  • Do not leave victim alone.

Continue Learning about First Aid For Medical Emergencies & Conditions

Avoid Unnecessary Trips to the Emergency Department
Avoid Unnecessary Trips to the Emergency Department
In the movie Pay It Forward, the storyline is all about doing good deeds for strangers who, in turn, pass on a good deed to someone they don’t know. O...
Read More
What do I do if there is not 9-1-1 access in my area?
American Red CrossAmerican Red Cross
A few areas still are without access to a 9-1-1 system so you will need to  use a local emergency ...
More Answers
If someone becomes suddenly ill, what conditions should I care for first?
American Red CrossAmerican Red Cross
First care for life-threatening conditions such as unconsciousness; trouble breathing; no breath...
More Answers
Survival Skills From a Former Navy SEAL Medic
Survival Skills From a Former Navy SEAL Medic

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.