Pregnancy, Fertility and Childbirth

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    ARealAge answered
    Locking or locked twins is a rare condition in which during birth a fetus in a breech (feet-first) position becomes locked at the chin with his twin fetus who is in a vertex (head-first) position. Locked twins occur in about 1 in every 1,000 twin births and one in every 90,000 births overall. Locked twins can be identified on an ultrasound examination at the beginning of labor. In most cases, a Caesarean section will be recommended for delivering the babies.
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    ARealAge answered
    Call your doctor immediately if you experience these symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy (a condition in which a fertilized egg grows outside of the uterus, usually in a fallopian tube):
    • abnormal vaginal bleeding
    • abdominal or pelvic pain
    • shoulder pain (may signal blood build-up in the diaphragm from a ruptured fallopian tube)
    • feeling faint or dizzy (may be a sign of blood loss)
    Ectopic pregnancy is a serious medical condition. Your doctor can do an ultrasound exam and blood tests to diagnose the ectopic pregnancy. Medications or possibly surgery can be used to treat an ectopic pregnancy. Once you have had one ectopic pregnancy you are at increased risk of having another one. However, many women who have had ectopic pregnancies go on to have normal pregnancies and births.
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    A Suzanne E. Ozbun, MD, Family Medicine, answered
    Varicose veins are a common complaint during pregnancy. If and when you develop varicose veins may depend on which pregnancy it is sometimes. For women in their second, third or fourth pregnancies, they may see varicose veins earlier, while women in their first pregnancies may see them later in second trimester. Some pregnant women may never have varicose veins.
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    A Suzanne E. Ozbun, MD, Family Medicine, answered
    Several things can cause trouble sleeping. One is increased urinary frequency because the baby is pushing on the bladder as it grows, and also as the body grows and is stretching, there can be stretching of tendons and ligaments that are uncomfortable. Leg cramps can keep women up at night, and vivid dreams may be a possibility as well that can keep them awake.
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    AStephen K. Montoya, MD, OBGYN (Obstetrics & Gynecology), answered on behalf of Sunrise Hospital & Medical Center
    What Steps Do Women Go Through before IVF?
    Before going through IVF, a woman can have her OB/GYN perform a number of tests and take her history, says Stephen Montoya, MD, an OB/GYN at Sunrise Hospital. In this video he describes this process.
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    ACraig T. Nakamura, MD, Pediatric Pulmonology, answered on behalf of Sunrise Children's Hospital
    How Does Prematurity Affect an Infant's Lungs?
    The lungs of premature infants are immature and prone to complications, says Craig Nakamura, MD, a pediatric pulmonologist at Sunrise Hospital. In this video, he explains what may affect lungs of premature infants and how doctors can help.
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    AMarijan Gospodnetic, MD, OBGYN (Obstetrics & Gynecology), answered on behalf of Johnston-Willis Hospital - HCA Virginia
    Vaccines help keep pregnant women and their growing families healthy, and are necessary for the protection of your children and those in the community from vaccine-preventable diseases. In addition to boosting your immunity during pregnancy, you should be cautious about travel to areas known to be common locations for vaccine-preventable diseases. Talk to your doctor about any planned international travel and work together on a care plan if the trip is unavoidable.
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    ADawne A. Lowden, MD, OBGYN (Obstetrics & Gynecology), answered on behalf of Wesley Medical Center
    Some vaccines can and should be given during a pregnancy, while others, specifically the ones containing live viral particles, should not be given. For this reason, it is best to see a doctor before pregnancy to assess immunity and receive any vaccines that are needed. Common vaccines in this category are MMR (measles, mumps and rubella) and varicella (chickenpox).
     
    Once pregnancy is established, women should receive the flu vaccine if they will be pregnant during influenza (flu) season and the Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis) regardless of time of year. After delivery, the MMR and varicella vaccines can be given if indicated.
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    ARonald Tolchin, DO, Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, answered on behalf of Baptist Health South Florida
    Certain hormones produced in pregnancy may increase your risk for back pain. For example, the hormones estrogen and relaxin allow your pelvis to widen to accommodate your growing baby. Those hormones work on the ligaments in the sacroiliac joint, which connects your spine to your pelvis, causing them to stretch. That stretching can cause back pain. If you are having back pain, talk to your doctor about the best way for you to manage it during your pregnancy.
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    AScripps Health answered

    New parents may feel crowded by relatives and friends who want to be in the delivery room. Besides making a private affair feel congested, too many people can put a strain on the doctors and nurses who are there to ensure a safe delivery. Don’t hesitate to decline these requests; instead, invite them for a private visit at home.