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What do saturated and trans fats do to my arteries?

Toby Smithson
Nutrition & Dietetics

Trans fats act like saturated fat in the body and tend to raise blood cholesterol levels. Saturated fats trigger the liver to make more total and LDL (lousy cholesterol) cholesterol and could decrease HDL (the good cholesterol). More fatty deposits can occur in the lining of your arteries which can put you at increased risk for a heart attack. Most saturated fat is solid in room temperature and come from animal based foods and tropical oils. It is recommended that everyone limit their intake of both saturated and trans fat even if they do not have high cholesterol levels at this time.

 

Saturated fats and trans fats strongly promote the development of atherosclerosis. They are found in meats, many dairy products, baked foods, many of the fast foods as well as in coconut oil and palm oil. They act by increasing inflammation in the arteries which promotes plaque buildup. They also increase the production of the bad cholesterol in the body. They are the types of fat that we should avoid if at all possible.
Dr. Michael Roizen, MD
Internal Medicine
Limit your saturated and trans fats (an artificial form of saturated fat) to less than 20 grams a day. No food element has been more closely linked to arterial aging than these kinds of fats, found mostly in meats, full-fat dairy products, baked goods, fried fast foods, and palm and coconut oils.

These kinds of fats increase arterial inflammation, which promotes plaque buildup, and they also turn on the mechanism that increases LDL cholesterol in the bloodstream-yet another way to slap more plaque onto your arteries. They're truly the four-letter words of heart disease.
YOU: The Owner's Manual, Updated and Expanded Edition: An Insider's Guide to the Body that Will Make You Healthier and Younger

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.