What causes fallopian tube cancer?

Dr. Jeanne Morrison, PhD
Family Practitioner

Fallopian tube cancer is the irregular growth of cells in one or both of the tubes that allow for travel of the egg, or ova, from the ovary to the uterus. The cause of this form of cancer is unclear, mostly because it is so uncommon, although it does tend to occur in people with chronic inflammation of the fallopian tubes, or salpingitis. Systemic inflammation, caused by medical conditions such as tuberculosis, is also a risk for this condition. Genetic factors may also play a role, and fallopian tube cancer appears to occur in women with mutations in BRCA1, a gene which is also associated with breast and ovarian cancer.

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