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What is a macular hole in the eye?

A macular hole is a defect or "hole" in the center of the retina which is called the macula. This usually causes blurred central vision and distortion, but the peripheral vision remains normal. If left untreated most people with a macular hole will lose vision to the 20/200 to 20/400 level in the affected eye. A macular hole can occur in both eyes in about 10% of people with a macular hole in one eye. The treatment for a macular hole is an operation called vitrectomy with the placement of a gas bubble into the eye. This surgery fixes the macular hole in over 90% of people and results in reading vision in about 50% of people. The longer the macular hole has been present the worse the visual prognosis. Your surgeon will discuss the potential risks of the surgery.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.