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What kind of research is being done in retinoblastoma?

New research in retinoblastoma is being conducted internationally. In 1986, the gene that causes the disease, RB1, was located, and scientists are trying to understand how the DNA causes cells to multiply out of control. Research into treatment involves new forms of radiation therapy, as well as proton beam therapy, which uses rays of protons, a very small subatomic particle. Other advances include adjuvant chemotherapy, which is given after localized treatments, and chemo treatments that are injected into the eye or ophthalmic artery. Other investigations involve drugs that stop the growth of cancerous cells and substances that help the immune system fight the cancer.

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