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How is surgery used to treat retinoblastoma?

Doctors may consider surgery for retinoblastoma if the tumor has already grown large enough to seriously threaten the child's vision. Usually the necessary operation is enucleation, removal of the whole eyeball. The child is given general anesthesia and the operation is relatively quick. The eyeball will be replaced with an implant, which after some recovery time can be fitted with a hard covering. Sometimes it may be necessary to remove both eyeballs, although of course doctors will avoid this option if other treatments seem possible.

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