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How is surgery used to treat intraocular melanoma?

Surgery is the most common treatment for intraocular melanoma. There are a variety of different procedures that may be used, depending on the size and location of the tumor. For smaller tumors, doctors may remove just the tumor and a small bit of surrounding tissue. This type of procedure is often performed for intraocular melanoma that affects the iris and ciliary body. If the melanoma occurs in the choroid, surgery to remove just the tumor may be a bit more complicated but can still be done. If the tumor has gotten larger, though, doctors may have to perform enucleation, which involves removing the entire eye. In many cases, an artificial or prosthetic eye can be implanted, which helps restore a normal appearance. In some cases, the doctor may have to remove the eyelid and surrounding nerves and tissues in the eye socket as well, in which case a full facial prosthesis may help improve appearance.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.