How does estrogen affect my body?

Dr. Mehmet Oz, MD
Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease)

The human body has had a long love-hate relationship with estrogen. Estrogen can keep bones and blood vessels strong and good cholesterol high, while waning estrogen has been associated with menopausal symptoms (hot flashes, memory problems), osteoporosis, cholesterol imbalances and heart disease. Combined estrogen and progestin hormone replacement therapy (HRT), once the universal remedy for postmenopausal women, has been demoted as a healthy option: Women who take HRT are at higher risk for heart disease, breast cancer and blood clots to the lungs. Estrogen can also fuel certain types of breast cancer.


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