Advertisement

What are the stages of esophageal cancer?

These are the stages of esophageal cancer:

  • Stage 0: Abnormal cells are found only in the inner layer of the esophagus. It's called carcinoma in situ.
  • Stage I: The cancer has grown through the inner layer to the submucosa.
  • Stage II is one of the following:
  • The cancer has grown through the inner layer to the submucosa, and cancer cells have spread to lymph nodes.
    • Or, the cancer has invaded the muscle layer. Cancer cells may be found in lymph nodes.
    • Or, the cancer has grown through the outer layer of the esophagus.
  • Stage III is one of the following:
  • The cancer has grown through the outer layer, and cancer cells have spread to lymph nodes.
    Or, the cancer has invaded nearby structures, such as the airways. Cancer cells may have spread to lymph nodes.
    • Stage IV: Cancer cells have spread to distant organs, such as the liver.

    This answer is based on source information from the National Cancer Institute.

    Continue Learning about Esophageal Cancer

    Risk Factors For Gastroesophageal Junction (GEJ) Cancer
    Risk Factors For Gastroesophageal Junction (GEJ) Cancer
    Gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma is a rare type of cancer that begins in the gastroesophageal junction, or GEJ. The GEJ is the part of the bod...
    Read More
    What is the rate of incidence for esophageal cancer?
    James Rosser, MDJames Rosser, MD
    Esophageal cancer is the most rapidly increasing cancer in the United States. It is up 600-750% sinc...
    More Answers
    Why do people refuse surgery for esophageal cancer?
    The Society of Thoracic SurgeonsThe Society of Thoracic Surgeons
    It is hard to know why people refuse surgery for esophageal cancer and what factors affect their dec...
    More Answers
    What Can Happen If GERD Is Untreated?
    What Can Happen If GERD Is Untreated?

    Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.