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What are the most common types of esophageal cancer?

Lyall A. Gorenstein, MD
Thoracic Surgery (Cardiothoracic Vascular)
The two most common types of esophageal cancer are squamous cell carcinoma, most often occurring in the upper and middle portions of the esophagus, and adenocarcinoma, affecting the mucous-secreting cells in the lower portion near the stomach. Risk factors for esophageal cancer include smoking, heavy alcohol use, and Barrett's esophagus, a condition in which the glandular cells of the lower portion of the esophagus are irritated by repeated exposure to stomach acid, often because of gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD).

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.