What is benign rolandic epilepsy?

Benign rolandic epilepsy is a form of epilepsy that begins in childhood and is usually outgrown by adolescence. It is marked by nighttime seizures that involve numbness, twitching, or tingling, but occasionally larger tonic-clonic seizures can occur.

Benign rolandic epilepsy, also known as benign epilepsy of childhood with Centro temporal spikes, is one of the most common types of epilepsy occurring in children. It is benign because 95% of children outgrow it by the late teen years. The majority of children have the seizures during sleep and otherwise experience few total events during the course of the disorder. The prognosis for this condition is excellent. There is no associated cognitive impairment. The seizures may consist of chewing and swallowing movements and grunting sounds and rarely generalize. There are characteristic abnormalities on the EEG during sleep, which allow diagnosing this disorder easily.

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