What problems can an enlarged prostate cause?

Diana Meeks
Diana Meeks on behalf of Sigma Nursing
Family Practitioner

The urethra, the tube that transports urine out of the body, runs through the prostate gland. When the prostate becomes enlarged, it can increase to the size of a tennis ball, squeezing the urethra so that less urine can pass through. This has a number of effects within the body. First, urination becomes more difficult, meaning the person has to strain and has less control when urinating. Second, the bladder might never drain all the way, making its walls stretch so much that it becomes hard to control and causing bladder stones to form. Problems in the bladder can in turn damage the kidneys due to the added stress placed on them. In some extreme cases, the flow of urine might become blocked, causing significant abdominal pain.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.