What happens during endometrial cancer screening?

Women who are at high risk for developing endometrial cancer or hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer should consider a yearly endometrial biopsy to check for endometrial cancer. A typical screening may include:
  • Biopsy: A thin, flexible tube is inserted through your vagina into the uterus to remove a sample of cells from the lining of the uterus. The cells are then examined under a microscope for signs of cancerous changes.
  • Transvaginal ultrasound: A specially designed ultrasound probe is inserted into your vagina to detect abnormalities in your uterus.

Continue Learning about Endometrial (Uterine) Cancer

Endometrial (Uterine) Cancer

Starting in the lining of a womans uterus, endometrial cancer is caused when your body has a hormonal imbalance.When you have too much of the hormone estrogen relative to the hormone progesterone, the lining of the uterus grows to...

o thick and allows tumors to grow. The hormonal imbalance may be caused by using estrogen to treat menopause or by having ovarian tumors that produce estrogen. Obesity also increases your risk; fat cells make extra estrogen that isnt balanced out with more progesterone. Hormonal birth control can reduce your risk of endometrial cancer, although keep in mind it has risks of its own. Studies show you can remain protected from this cancer for up to 10 years after you stop taking hormonal birth control. Call your doctor if you have vaginal bleeding or unexplained weight loss. When found early, endometrial cancer is very treatable. Aggressive treatments may include removal of parts of the female reproductive system, including the uterus and ovaries.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.