What are the symptoms of endometrial (uterine) cancer?

Kristine A. Borrison, MD
OBGYN (Obstetrics & Gynecology)
Abnormal uterine bleeding is the main symptom of endometrial cancer. Listen as gynecologist Kristine Borrison, MD, of Good Samaritan Hospital details other symptoms of endometrial cancer.
Larry E. Puls, MD
Gynecologic Oncology
To understand endometrial cancer and what to look for, it is helpful to know that the average age at which women develop endometrial cancer is 60. And at 60, most women are well into menopause and haven’t bled for years. So bleeding, which is the most common symptom of endometrial cancer, sends them running to the gynecologist.
Some premenopausal women also get this cancer. They may also have bleeding issues they’re just different. They get very heavy and irregular bleeding. For women who are still menstruating, this symptom can be confusing. And it may not set off alarm bells or send them to the gynecologist.
Although less common, there are other symptoms that may suggest endometrial cancer, like bloating, bowel changes, and/or bleeding with intercourse.
Knowing the risk factors for endometrial cancer can help women know when they should seek a healthcare opinion on these symptoms. The single biggest risk factor for endometrial cancer is obesity because fat cells in the human body make extra estrogen, which stimulates the uterus. With so much extra hormone, endometrial cancer is not uncommon. Estrogen in the form of pills or patches, tamoxifen, and even rare inheritable situations, may also put some women at risk for this cancer.
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Possible signs of endometrial cancer include unusual vaginal discharge or pain in the pelvis. These and other symptoms may be caused by endometrial cancer. Other conditions may cause the same symptoms. A doctor should be consulted if any of the following problems occur:

  • Bleeding or discharge not related to menstruation (periods)
  • Difficult or painful urination
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Pain in the pelvic area
This answer is based on source information from the National Cancer Institute.
Symptoms of endometrial cancer may include:
  • Unusual vaginal bleeding, spotting or discharge
  • Vaginal bleeding after menopause
  • Pain when urinating
  • Unusual pelvic pain
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Lump or mass in the abdomen that you can feel
  • Pain during intercourse
Sharyn N. Lewin, MD
OBGYN (Obstetrics & Gynecology)
Vaginal bleeding is a common symptom of many gynecological problems, especially uterine, cervical and ovarian cancers. Pay attention to your body if:
  • Vaginal bleeding is abnormal: when the amount is too heavy/or it's too long, occurs in between periods, and especially occurs when you are around menopause or after menopause
  • Vaginal discharge is abnormal
  • Pain in your pelvis
Dr. Mehmet Oz, MD
Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease)

Symptoms of uterine cancer include:

 • Abnormal vaginal bleeding

 • Abnormal vaginal discharge or odor

 • Weight gain or loss

 • New acne

 • Deepened voice

 • Increased hair growth

 • Severe pain

This content originally appeared on doctoroz.com

Vaginal bleeding that is not part of a regular period is one of the first symptoms of uterine cancer. If you have already gone through menopause and experience vaginal bleeding, speak to your doctor as soon as possible. If you are still menstruating and notice bleeding in between periods, you should also speak to your doctor about uterine cancer. Pain in the pelvis and pain during intercourse are also symptoms of uterine cancer.

Continue Learning about Endometrial (Uterine) Cancer

Endometrial (Uterine) Cancer

Starting in the lining of a womans uterus, endometrial cancer is caused when your body has a hormonal imbalance.When you have too much of the hormone estrogen relative to the hormone progesterone, the lining of the uterus grows to...

o thick and allows tumors to grow. The hormonal imbalance may be caused by using estrogen to treat menopause or by having ovarian tumors that produce estrogen. Obesity also increases your risk; fat cells make extra estrogen that isnt balanced out with more progesterone. Hormonal birth control can reduce your risk of endometrial cancer, although keep in mind it has risks of its own. Studies show you can remain protected from this cancer for up to 10 years after you stop taking hormonal birth control. Call your doctor if you have vaginal bleeding or unexplained weight loss. When found early, endometrial cancer is very treatable. Aggressive treatments may include removal of parts of the female reproductive system, including the uterus and ovaries.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.