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How does dental root amputation differ from other dental surgeries?

There are many types of dental surgery. Among others, they include root canal, bone graft, tooth extraction (removal) and gum surgery. Dental root amputation, also known as root resection, is a procedure that removes one damaged or diseased root from an otherwise healthy tooth, usually a molar. The goal is to save the rest of the tooth and avoid needing an implant or removable denture.

Other dental surgeries are performed for a variety of reasons. Periodontal surgery is performed to maintain the gums and possibly to graft gums to an area where there’s recession (gum loss). Tooth extractions take many forms, including removing wisdom teeth, impacted teeth trapped in the gums, damaged teeth, and to reduce overcrowding. Bone grafts add bone to an area that needs support, or where bone has been lost. A root canal clears out the infection inside the tooth.

Dental root amputation is performed when a patient develops a periodontal problem or an endodontic problem around one of the roots their teeth that is untreatable. If the choice is between extracting the whole tooth or just extracting the one root, a dentist will recommend taking out the root while leaving the top part of the tooth intact. This procedure is most similar to a root canal, a procedure that replaces infected dental pulp in order to save a tooth. Other dental surgeries include gum or bone graft surgery and wisdom teeth removal.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.