When may goiter surgery be necessary?

Surgery for MNG (multinodular goiter) is indicated when FNA (fine needle aspiration) of a dominant nodule is suspicious for malignancy, the goiter is growing or is cosmetically unappealing, or there are compressive symptoms due to the size of the goiter. The extent of surgery is based on the suspicion for malignancy, presence of thyroid dysfunction, and presence of bilateral nodules. In patients who have normal thyroid function, with compressive symptoms due to a single nodule, with a benign biopsy, and no nodules on the opposite side, unilateral thyroid lobectomy is appropriate. Otherwise total thyroidectomy is the operation of choice.

Continue Learning about Endocrine System

Endocrine System

Your endocrine system works with your nervous system to control important bodily functions. The endocrine systems responsibilities include regulating growth, sexual development and function, metabolism and mood. The endocrine syst...

em also helps give your body the energy it needs to function properly. Endocrine glands secrete hormones into the bloodstream. Hormones are considered chemical messengers, coordinating your body by transferring information from one set of cells to another. Your endocrine system health can be affected by hormone imbalances resulting from impaired glands. A hormone imbalance can cause problems with bodily growth, sexual development, metabolism and other bodily functions. Endocrine system diseases or conditions include diabetes, growth disorders and osteoporosis.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.