What problems result from hyperparathyroidism?

Dr. Jack Merendino, MD
Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism
Hyperparathyroidism is often asymptomatic, but as the calcium rises many problems may develop. As the parathyroid hormone (PTH) stimulates the release of calcium from bone, osteoporosis may develop. This tends to be an unusual form of osteoporosis, affecting the shafts of the long bones more than age-related bone loss does. Usually when we do a bone density study on someone with hyperparathyroidism, we include images of the forearm which reveals osteoporosis of this type.

Often in hyperparathyroidism there is a significant increase in urine calcium excretion. This places some at risk of kidney stones, and anyone who has had kidney stones should have their PTH level checked. 

Hyperparathyroidism may lead to more subjective problems as well. Muscle aches and pains may develop. Neuro-psychiatric symptoms are common. These may include difficulty with focus and concentration. An increase in depression and/or anxiety may also occur. 

Continue Learning about Endocrine System

Endocrine System

Your endocrine system works with your nervous system to control important bodily functions. The endocrine systems responsibilities include regulating growth, sexual development and function, metabolism and mood. The endocrine syst...

em also helps give your body the energy it needs to function properly. Endocrine glands secrete hormones into the bloodstream. Hormones are considered chemical messengers, coordinating your body by transferring information from one set of cells to another. Your endocrine system health can be affected by hormone imbalances resulting from impaired glands. A hormone imbalance can cause problems with bodily growth, sexual development, metabolism and other bodily functions. Endocrine system diseases or conditions include diabetes, growth disorders and osteoporosis.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.