What is minimally invasive parathyroid surgery?

Minimally invasive parathyroid surgery, alternatively called focused or unilateral parathyroid exploration, involves exploration and resection of a single abnormal parathyroid gland through a small incision. This approach requires that pre-operative imaging has localized a single abnormal parathyroid gland. Intra-operative parathyroid hormone (PTH) monitoring is generally used to prove that resection of the single abnormal parathyroid gland results in a biochemical cure. The cure rate using this approach is the same as for bilateral exploration when patients are selected carefully and the surgeon is experienced in parathyroid surgery Advantages of focused exploration include a little bit of a smaller scar, shorter operative time, and fewer problems with low calcium after surgery.
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Parathyroid Gland: How is parathyroid surgery performed

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