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What is a goiter, and how does it relate to hypothyroidism?

Diana Meeks
Diana Meeks on behalf of Sigma Nursing
Family Practitioner

Goiter - an enlarged thyroid gland that causes swelling at the base of the neck - is one symptom of hypothyroidism. When untreated, hypothyroidism causes the thyroid gland to be under constant stimulation. This can aggravate and enlarge the gland, leading to goiter. Hashimoto's disease (also called Hashimoto thyroiditis) is a leading cause of goiter. Goiter, generally, is not painful, but it does impact appearance and can impair both breathing and swallowing.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.