What is a goiter, and how does it relate to hypothyroidism?


Goiter - an enlarged thyroid gland that causes swelling at the base of the neck - is one symptom of hypothyroidism. When untreated, hypothyroidism causes the thyroid gland to be under constant stimulation. This can aggravate and enlarge the gland, leading to goiter. Hashimoto's disease (also called Hashimoto thyroiditis) is a leading cause of goiter. Goiter, generally, is not painful, but it does impact appearance and can impair both breathing and swallowing.

Continue Learning about Endocrine System

Endocrine System

Your endocrine system works with your nervous system to control important bodily functions. The endocrine systems responsibilities include regulating growth, sexual development and function, metabolism and mood. The endocrine syst...

em also helps give your body the energy it needs to function properly. Endocrine glands secrete hormones into the bloodstream. Hormones are considered chemical messengers, coordinating your body by transferring information from one set of cells to another. Your endocrine system health can be affected by hormone imbalances resulting from impaired glands. A hormone imbalance can cause problems with bodily growth, sexual development, metabolism and other bodily functions. Endocrine system diseases or conditions include diabetes, growth disorders and osteoporosis.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.