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What causes primary hyperparathyroidism?

Primary hyperparathyroidism is caused by a condition that affects one or more parathyroid glands causing exaggerated release of its hormone (parathyroid hormone or PTH).  This condition could be a benign tumor of the parathyroid gland called an adenoma, benign enlargement affecting multiple glands (hyperplasia) or very rarely carcinoma (malignant tumor).  The cause of those tumors are unknown with certain theories being exposure to radiation of the head and neck area in the past, lithium use and, rarely, a syndrome that runs in the patient’s family.

For additional information, please refer to www.endocrine diseases.org:  

Parathyroid gland

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.