What are the symptoms of goiter?

The natural history of benign goiter is usually slow growth of the nodules. Therefore, observation can be safe. MNG (multinodular goiter) is treated if there is a suspicion of the nodules harboring cancer, the goiter is growing quickly, or if the goiter's large size is causing compressive symptoms, such as hoarseness, difficulty swallowing, or difficulty breathing. Use of thyroid hormone to attempt to suppress and shrink MNG is not indicated and puts patients at risk for hyperthyroidism. 

Sometimes, goiters are not large enough to cause symptoms. If your goiter grows to a certain size, you may be able to see it protruding from your neck or feel it in your throat. Some goiters can cause you to develop a cough or cause your voice to sound hoarse. You also may experience trouble breathing or swallowing.

Continue Learning about Endocrine System

Endocrine System

Your endocrine system works with your nervous system to control important bodily functions. The endocrine systems responsibilities include regulating growth, sexual development and function, metabolism and mood. The endocrine syst...

em also helps give your body the energy it needs to function properly. Endocrine glands secrete hormones into the bloodstream. Hormones are considered chemical messengers, coordinating your body by transferring information from one set of cells to another. Your endocrine system health can be affected by hormone imbalances resulting from impaired glands. A hormone imbalance can cause problems with bodily growth, sexual development, metabolism and other bodily functions. Endocrine system diseases or conditions include diabetes, growth disorders and osteoporosis.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.