What is the affect of follicle stimulating hormone on menopause?

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During the reproductive stage, the follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), from the pituitary gland in the brain, signals the ovaries, at the start of every period, to produce more estrogen for the development of the ovarian follicles. FSH acts as a thermostat. When FSH rises, the amount of estrogen produced by the ovaries increases, and when estrogen levels reach a certain limit, FSH decreases.As women approach their final menstrual periods, the number of ovarian follicles targeted by the FSH each cycle is much greater than the reproductive stage. This leads to a sharp drop in the number of follicles available for future development, ovulation, and pregnancy. The rapid development of a greater number of follicles also can result in the production of extra-high levels of estradiol, the most active form of estrogen, for some months or years. This rapid development of follicles is also linked to rising levels of FSH. FSH levels increase gradually until the year or two preceding the last menstrual period, after which they increase rapidly.

Our Bodies, Ourselves: Menopause

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Our Bodies, Ourselves: Menopause

FROM THE EDITORS OF THE CLASSIC "BIBLE OF WOMEN'S HEALTH," A TRUSTWORTHY, UP-TO-DATE GUIDE TO HELP EVERY WOMAN NAVIGATE THE MENOPAUSE TRANSITION For decades, millions of women have relied on Our...

Continue Learning about Endocrine System

Endocrine System

Your endocrine system works with your nervous system to control important bodily functions. The endocrine systems responsibilities include regulating growth, sexual development and function, metabolism and mood. The endocrine syst...

em also helps give your body the energy it needs to function properly. Endocrine glands secrete hormones into the bloodstream. Hormones are considered chemical messengers, coordinating your body by transferring information from one set of cells to another. Your endocrine system health can be affected by hormone imbalances resulting from impaired glands. A hormone imbalance can cause problems with bodily growth, sexual development, metabolism and other bodily functions. Endocrine system diseases or conditions include diabetes, growth disorders and osteoporosis.
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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.