Is there a cure for toxic goiter?

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Dr. Jack Merendino, MD
Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism
In essentially every case, toxic goiter can be controlled or cured. The word “cure” is probably best applied to surgery. Removal of all or part of the thyroid will correct the overactive thyroid permanently, meaning that the person is “cured” of hyperthyroidism. But total thyroid removal means that a person will have to take thyroid hormone replacement, so the cure comes at some cost. Medication and radioactive iodine can control the excessive thyroid hormone production of a toxic goiter as well, but each has issues. Radioactive iodine, like surgery, often destroys too much thyroid tissue and renders the person hypothyroid so that thyroid hormone replacement is necessary. In addition, radioactive iodine administration may increase the risk of eye problems related to Graves’ disease which is one form of toxic goiter. Anti-thyroid medications are safe to use over the long-term in most cases but requires ongoing monitoring of thyroid function and adjustment of the medication on a regular basis.  
Whether or not your goiter can be cured depends. Medications for underactive or overactive thyroids can reduce the size of goiters and in some cases eliminate them completely. In other cases, surgery can remove a large goiter.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.