How does growth hormone promote growth in the body?

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Dr. Mehmet Oz, MD
Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease)
Growth hormone, naturally produced by the pituitary gland (the pea-sized organ at the base of the brain), acts on the liver and other tissues to stimulate production of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1). That IGF-1 is what's responsible for the growth-promoting effects of growth hormone, especially important in the proper development of children.

Growth hormone production is highest during childhood and the hormone-drenched adolescent years, then typically starts tapering off around age 30, continuing to decline into old age.
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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.