Does a goiter always require surgery?

The natural history of a benign goiter is usually slow enlargement or growth of its nodules. Therefore, observation can be safe. A goiter is treated if there is a suspicion of the nodules harboring cancer, if the goiter is growing quickly or hormonally overactive, or if the goiter's large size is causing compressive symptoms, such as hoarseness, difficulty swallowing, or difficulty breathing
For more information go the
Benign non-toxic multinodular goiter
A goiter is an abnormal growth of the thyroid gland, and the determination for surgery is based upon the cause and whether or not the goiter produces obstructive symptoms. There are several possible reasons goiters develop, including autoimmune disease, inflammation or malignancy. Some causes can be treated with medications that may limit, or even reverse, the thyroid growth, eliminating the need for surgery.

Continue Learning about Endocrine System

When Hormone Replacement Therapy May Be Good
When Hormone Replacement Therapy May Be Good
Fear-mongering about hormone replacement therapy isn’t good science. For the right woman with nasty menopausal symptoms and the right man with low tes...
Read More
How is peritoneal mesothelioma treated?
NewYork-Presbyterian HospitalNewYork-Presbyterian Hospital
One way to treat peritoneal mesothelioma is called "intracavitary chemotherapy," which enables clini...
More Answers
How does multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) affect the pancreas?
Jumo HealthJumo Health
When multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) creates tumors in the pancreas, it can lower the bod...
More Answers
What Nutrients Are Important for a Healthy Thyroid?
What Nutrients Are Important for a Healthy Thyroid?

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.