What are the symptoms of pregnancy?


The first symptoms of pregnancy may include a missed period, nausea or vomiting, fatigue and breast tenderness. Increased heart rate is common as the pregnancy progresses, as are changes in blood pressure. Late in pregnancy, swelling of the legs and feet, frequent urination and digestive problems such as heartburn and constipation are common. Skin rashes, changes in skin pigmentation and stretch marks are also common during pregnancy. Other typical symptoms include backache, dizziness and leg cramps.

Lisa Moment
Lisa Moment on behalf of Sigma Nursing
Nursing Specialist

Probably the most notable symptom of pregnancy is a missed period, unless the woman's period is irregular. During the first trimester, women experience a wide variety of symptoms: nausea, vomiting, some breast enlargement, breast tenderness, heartburn, constipation, urinary frequency, backaches and fatigue.

During the second trimester, women who are pregnant usually feel great as some of the more unpleasant symptoms, such as nausea and vomiting, usually ease up. Women may even have more energy at this time.

During the third trimester, women who are pregnant may start to feel more fatigued and uncomfortable as the fetus is taking up more space. They may experience swelling, or edema, usually in their feet, ankles and legs.

Every woman's pregnancy is different. Some women hardly have any symptoms at all and some have quite a few of the symptoms throughout their entire pregnancy.

Dr. Arlene J. Jacobs, MD
OBGYN (Obstetrician & Gynecologist)

Not all women have early pregnancy symptoms, but some might experience breast tenderness, a missed period and light spotting. In this video, Arlene Jacobs, MD, an OBGYN with Medical City Frisco in Frisco, Texas, explains more.

Continue Learning about Early Pregnancy Signs

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.