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How can divers prevent barotrauma?

Ear barotrauma is not a problem for divers with a pressurized air supply. Their ears and the air will stay at surface pressure. Otherwise, pressure can be equalized by yawning or closing the nostrils and swallowing. Earplugs are not effective in preventing barotrauma when diving. In the case of nasal congestion, divers can take decongestants beforehand to reduce the risk. Divers should make sure their wetsuit is vented to prevent air pockets from damaging the skin. Finally, and most importantly, divers should exhale during their return to the surface, in order to equalize pressure in their lungs.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.