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How does barotrauma affect the body?

Barotrauma puts pressure on whatever membrane - e.g. the eardrum - encloses the affected pocket of air. This pressure can exert force toward the inside or outside, depending on the direction of the pressure gradient. The membrane stretches in response, and this stretching is what causes. In serious cases, pressure can cause the membrane to rupture. Barotrauma can also damage internal capillaries and membranes.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.