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How are ear infections related to cholesteatoma?

Cholesteatoma is considered to be a complication of chronic ear infections because both conditions are likely caused by the same problem. The eustachian tube, which is responsible for fluid drainage and pressure reduction in the ear, must open and close to perform these functions. When it doesn't ear infections and cholesteatoma are created.

If you have frequent ear infections, you're more at risk for cholesteatoma, although some people get the disease from a birth defect. Also, most people who have ear infections do not end up developing cholesteatoma.

Although ear infections and cholesteatoma are caused by a similar problem, they have very different treatments. Infections can be treated by antibiotics, but surgery is necessary for cholesteatoma treatment.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.