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What are different types of focal dystonias?

Focal dystonias affect a specific group of muscles or body part. The following are different types of focal dystonias:
  • Blepharospasm: dystonia that affects the muscles of the eyelids and brow
  • Cervical dystonia (spasmodic torticollis): dystonia that affects the neck and sometimes the shoulders
  • Oromandibular dystonia (cranial dystonia): symptoms include forceful contractions of the face, jaw and/or tongue
  • Spasmodic dysphonia (laryngeal dystonia): dystonia that affects the vocal cords
  • Hand dystonia (writer's cramp): dystonia of the fingers, hand and/or forearm.
  • Lower limb dystonia: dystonia of the leg, foot and/or toes.

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