Advertisement

What are different forms of dystonia?

There are many types of dystonia and many diseases and conditions may include dystonia as a symptom. Forms of dystonia include the following:
  • Focal dystonias affect a specific group of muscles or body part.
  • Musicians' dystonias are task-specific.
  • Early-onset generalized dystonia (DYT1 and non-DYT1) is characterized by twisting of the limbs and torso.
  • Dopa-responsive dystonia responds to a medication called levodopa.
  • Myoclonus dystonia is a hereditary form of dystonia that includes prominent myoclonus (irregular involuntary contraction of a muscle) symptoms.
  • Paroxysmal dystonias and dyskinesias are episodic movement disorders in which abnormal movements occur only during attacks.
  • X-linked dystonia-parkinsonism is a hereditary form of dystonia that includes symptoms of parkinsonism.
  • Rapid-onset dystonia-parkinsonism is a hereditary form of dystonia that includes symptoms of parkinsonism.
  • Secondary dystonias are triggered by factors such as trauma, medication exposure, toxins or neurological and metabolic disorders.
  • Psychogenic dystonia is secondary to underlying psychological and neurological causes.

Continue Learning about Dystonia

What should be my first step in seeking the best treatment for dystonia?
Dr. Daniel R. Spogen, MDDr. Daniel R. Spogen, MD
Your first step in seeking the best treatment for dystonia is to visit your primary care doctor. Dys...
More Answers
How are temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disease and dystonia related?
Dystonia Medical Research Foundation (DMRF)Dystonia Medical Research Foundation (DMRF)
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disease is an arthritic condition, not a dystonia. Oromandibular dysto...
More Answers
How are torticollis and dystonia related in toddlers?
Dystonia Medical Research Foundation (DMRF)Dystonia Medical Research Foundation (DMRF)
Although the term spasmodic torticollis is used to describe cervical dystonia, the word torticollis ...
More Answers
How is deep brain stimulation (DBS) used to treat dystonia?
NewYork-Presbyterian HospitalNewYork-Presbyterian Hospital
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has become an important tool in the treatment of dystonia. In the proce...
More Answers

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.