What are the treatment options for dystonia?

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) can reduce the intensity and frequency of muscle spasms associated with dystonia, but it isn’t a cure. A doctor will give people an idea of what to expect. DBS can be turned off or taken out if it’s not the best treatment.

Because the causes and symptoms of dystonia vary, treatment is different for each individual. The aim of treatment is to minimize muscle spasms to help people lead as normal a life as possible. For some people, diagnosing an underlying disorder or stopping the use of a particular medication can help treat the dystonia. Other treatment options include medications, Botox injections, surgery, or deep brain stimulation. Deep brain stimulation involves placing an electrical device in the brain to control muscle spasms.

Treatment of dystonia must be customized to the needs of the individual patient. In general, treatment for dystonia is most successful when it addresses the whole person -- body (physical medicine), emotions (mental health) and spirit. Treatment generally consist of a combination of therapies:

  • medication (oral and injected)
  • surgery
  • complementary therapies
  • supportive therapies

Continue Learning about Dystonia

What are different forms of dystonia?
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There are many types of dystonia and many diseases and conditions may include dystonia as a symptom....
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When do symptoms of dystonia occur?
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They can occur in childhood or adulthood and can have a variety of causes. Task-specific dystonias l...
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What is focal dystonia?
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Dystonia may affect a specific part of the body, or it may affect muscles all over the body. When dy...
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What kinds of doctors typically treat dystonia?
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The kinds of doctors who typically treat dystonia include: Psychologists can help with relaxation...
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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.